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Case details

Popoviciu (Respondent) v Curtea De Apel Bucharest (Romania) (Appellant)

Case ID: 2021/0152

Case summary


In a conviction extradition case, is it sufficient for the requested person to show substantial grounds for believing that there is a real risk that his trial was so flagrantly unfair as to deprive him of the essence of his Article 6 rights, and therefore a real risk that his imprisonment in the requesting state will violate his Article 5 rights?


Gabriel Popoviciu ("Popoviciu") was convicted in Romania of two offences - accessory to aggravated abuse of power, and bribery – and was sentenced to 7 years' imprisonment.

On 3 August 2017, a European Arrest Warrant ("EAW") was issued by the Bucharest Court of Appeal (the "Bucharest Court") seeking the return of Popoviciu. He was arrested on 14 August 2017 and on 12 July 2019 the Westminster Magistrates' Court ordered his extradition.

Popoviciu appealed to the Administrative Court on the basis that the judge that convicted him in Romania, Judge Tudoran, had an undisclosed and inappropriate long-standing relationship with the prosecution's primary witness. Popoviciu provided new evidence from a Romanian lawyer who is investigating Judge Tudoran for various corruption-related offences which shed light on his relationship with the prosecution's primary witness. The Administrative Court admitted this new evidence and, having taken it into account, overturned the Westminster Magistrates' Court's order on the basis that there would be a flagrant breach of Popoviciu's Article 5 rights if he was returned to Romania, as he would be at risk of being imprisoned for a substantial period there, having previously been convicted after a flagrantly unfair trial. The judge's undisclosed relationship with the primary witness meant that Popoviciu suffered a complete denial of his Article 6 rights. The Bucharest Court now appeals to the Supreme Court.

Judgment appealed

[2021] EWHC 1584



Curtea De Apel Bucharest (Romania)


Gabriel Aurel Popoviciu



Lord Hodge, Lord Lloyd-Jones, Lord Kitchin, Lord Hamblen, Lord Stephens

Hearing start date

16 May 2023

Hearing finish date

17 May 2023

Watch hearing
16 May 2023 Morning session Afternoon session
17 May 2023 Morning session