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Case details

R (on the application of TN (Vietnam) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Departnemnt and another (Respondents)

Case ID: UKSC 2020/0031

Case summary

Issue

This appeal concerns the legal consequences of a ruling that the Asylum and Immigration Tribunal (Fast Track Procedure) Rules 2005 (the 2005 Rules) were ultra vires. The UKSC is asked to decide:

  1. Are individual appeal decisions taken under the 2005 Rules automatically a nullity?
  2. If not, what is the correct approach to take when considering applications to quash or set aside appeal decisions taken under the 2005 Rules?
  3. Was there procedural unfairness on the facts of TN's case?

Facts

TN is a Vietnamese national. She initially arrived in the United Kingdom in December 2003 and claimed asylum on several occasions before being removed to Vietnam in 2012.

She returned to the UK in May 2014 and made fresh asylum claims. Amongst other things, TN alleged that she had been a victim of trafficking and sexual abuse. On 14 August 2014, TN's asylum claim was rejected. Her appeal, which was determined under the 2005 Rules, was dismissed by the First-tier Tribunal a week later. The First-tier Tribunal found that TN's account was not credible because she had given conflicting evidence and there were discrepancies in her account.

TN seeks an order quashing this decision. At first instance, the judge held that the 2005 Rules were ultra vires. However, this did not mean that all appeal decisions made under them were automatically a nullity. Rather, affected persons had to show that there had been procedural unfairness in their particular case. There was no procedural unfairness on the facts of TN’s case.

The Court of Appeal agreed, and dismissed TN’s appeal. TN now appeals to the Supreme Court.

Judgment appealed

[2017] EWHC Admin 59

Parties

Appellant(s)

R (on the application of TN (Vietnam)

Respondent(s)

Secretary of State for the Home Departnemnt and another

Appeal

Justices

Lord Lloyd-Jones, Lord Briggs, Lady Arden, Lord Sales, Lord Stephens.

Hearing start date

30 Nov 2020

Hearing finish date

01 Dec 2020

Watch hearing
30 Nov 2020 Morning session Afternoon session
1 Dec 2020 Morning session Afternoon session
 

Reporting Restrictions

R (on the application of TN (Vietnam) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Departnemnt and another (Respondents)

Case ID: UKSC 2020/0031

There are strict reporting restrictions in place, because:

THE COURT ORDERED that no one shall publish or reveal the name or address of the Appellant who is the subject of these proceedings or publish or reveal any information which would be likely to lead to the identification of the Appellant or of any member of her family in connection with these proceedings.

 

Future Judgment Update

Please note that appeal in the matter of R (on the application of TN (Vietnam) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Departnemnt and another (Respondents) has been heard by the Supreme Court and is currently awaiting judgment.

As soon as the judgment hand-down date is confirmed, it will be published on the Future judgments page of this website. As a very broad indication, judgments tend to follow between three to nine months after the conclusion of the appeal hearing, although in some cases it may be earlier than that. Information about judgment hand-downs is usually announced one week in advance. We are unable to give any indication of the likely hand-down date for judgments not listed on the Future judgments page.