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Case details

R (on the application of Z and another) (AP) (Appellants) v Hackney London Borough Council and another (Respondents)

Case ID: UKSC 2019/0162

Case summary


Whether the Second Respondent can lawfully restrict the provision of its social housing to members of the Orthodox Jewish community. Whether the First Respondent can lawfully maintain its housing nomination arrangements with the Second Respondent.


The First Respondent (Hackney) is a local housing authority with statutory functions in relation to the allocation of social housing. In addition to allocating its own housing stock, it also nominates applicants to properties owned by housing associations. The Second Respondent (AIHA) is such an association. AIHA will only accept nominations to its social housing of households belonging to the Orthodox Jewish community. Hackney identified the First Appellant (Z), who is not a member of the Orthodox Jewish community, as having the highest level of housing need in the borough due to the vulnerability of her children (one of whom, RS, is the Second Appellant). In October 2017, Hackney agreed to make Z a "direct offer" of the next available and suitable unit of permanent social housing. However, suitable housing was not provided until February 2019. Between October 2017 and February 2019, AIHA allocated various properties to members of the Orthodox Jewish community. The Appellants did not apply for, and Hackney did not nominate them for, any of those properties because of AIHA’s policy of only letting to Orthodox Jewish households.

The Appellants sought to challenge AIHA’s allocation policy and Hackney’s allocation arrangements with AIHA by means of an application for judicial review. The Divisional Court refused the application and the Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal. The Appellants now appeal to the Supreme Court.

Judgment appealed

[2019] EWCA Civ 1099



Z and another


  1. London Borough of Hackney
  2. Agudas Israel Housing Association Ltd



Lord Reed, Lord Kerr, Lady Arden, Lord Kitchin, Lord Sales

Hearing start date

29 Jun 2020

Hearing finish date

30 Jun 2020

Watch hearing
29 Jun 2020 Morning session Afternoon session
30 Jun 2020 Morning session Afternoon session

Judgment details

Judgment date

16 Oct 2020

Neutral citation

[2020] UKSC 40

Watch Judgment summary
16 Oct 2020 Judgment summary

Reporting restrictions

R (on the application of Z and another) (Appellants) v Hackney London Borough Council and another (Respondents)

Case ID: UKSC 2019/0162

THE COURT ORDERED that no one shall publish or reveal the names or addresses of the Appellants who are the subject of these proceedings or publish or reveal any information which would be likely to lead to the identification of the Appellants or of any members of their family in connection with these proceedings.