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Case details

AM (Zimbabwe) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent)

Case ID: UKSC 2018/0048

Case summary


The Supreme Court is asked to consider whether to return AM to Zimbabwe would violate his right under Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights not to be subjected to inhuman treatment by reason of his medical condition, in light of the decision of the European Court of Human Rights in Paposhvili v Belgium [2017] Imm AR 867.


AM was born in 1987 and is a national of Zimbabwe. He arrived in the UK in 2000 to join his mother, and he was granted indefinite leave to remain in 2004. In 2006, AM was convicted of a number of criminal offences and sentenced to a total of 12 months’ imprisonment. In 2009, AM was convicted of offences relating to possession of a firearm and supply of heroin, and he was sentenced to nine years’ imprisonment. The Secretary of State seeks to deport AM. However, AM is HIV positive. He was placed on the anti-retroviral medication, Eviplera, after having first tried another medication which produced significant side-effects. If AM is deported to Zimbabwe, a range of anti-retroviral medications would be available, but not Eviplera.

At a hearing before the First-tier Tribunal, counsel then appearing for AM relied on AM’s medical condition and the limits on treatment available to him, in addition to the impact of his deportation on his wife and child, to advance a claim based on Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The First-tier Tribunal dismissed the claim. AM appealed, and the appeal was dismissed by the Upper Tribunal. In the Court of Appeal, AM based his appeal on Article 3, rather than Article 8, of the European Convention on Human Rights. The Court of Appeal dismissed the appeal. AM appealed to the Supreme Court.

Judgment appealed

[2018] EWCA Civ 64





Secretary of State for the Home Department



Lady Hale, Lord Wilson, Lady Black, Lady Arden, Lord Kitchin

Hearing start date

04 Dec 2019

Hearing finish date

05 Dec 2019

Watch hearing
04 Dec 2019 Morning session Afternoon session

Judgment details

Judgment date

29 April 2020

Neutral citation

[2020] UKSC 17

Watch Judgment summary
29 Apr 2020 Judgment summary

Reporting restrictions

AM (Zimbabwe) (Appellant) v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Respondent)

Case ID: UKSC 2018/0048

THE COURT ORDERED that no one shall publish or reveal the name or address of the Appellant who is the subject of these proceedings or publish or reveal any information which would be likely to lead to the identification of the Appellant or of any member of his family in connection with these proceedings.