An NHS Trust (Respondent) v Y (by his litigation friend, the Official Solicitor) and another (Appellant)
Case ID: UKSC 2017/0202
Is it mandatory to bring before the court the withdrawal of Clinically Assisted Nutrition and Hydration ("CANH") from a patient who has a prolonged disorder of consciousness ("PDOC"), in circumstances where the clinical team and the family are agreed that it is not in the patient's best interests that he continues to receive that treatment?
The Appellant, Mr Y, is a 52-year old man, who suffered a severe hypoxic brain injury on 2 June 2017 as the result of a cardiac arrest. Since his cardiac arrest, Mr Y has been in a PDOC and lacks capacity to make decisions about his future care. Two medical experts agree that Mr Y is in a very low level of responsiveness with no awareness of self or his environment, and that it is highly improbable that he will re-emerge into consciousness. The clinical team and Mr Y’s family agree that it would be in Mr Y’s best interests for CANH to be withdrawn, with the consequence that he would die within 2 to 3 weeks.
On 1 November 2017, the first Respondent, the NHS Trust, issued proceedings seeking a declaration that it is not mandatory to bring before the Court the withdrawal of CANH from a patient who has a PDOC, in circumstances where the clinical team and the family are agreed that it is not in the patient's best interests that he continues to receive that treatment. This was resisted by the Official Solicitor as Mr Y’s litigation friend. The High Court granted a declaration albeit in more narrow terms than those sought by the Trust. The Appellant, by his litigation friend, now seeks permission to appeal directly to the Supreme Court.
- London North West Healthcare NHS Trust (anonymised as NHS Trust)
- Mrs Y
Lady Hale, Lord Mance, Lord Wilson, Lord Hodge, Lady Black
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