Case details

Ivey (Appellant) v Genting Casinos (UK) Ltd t/a Crockfords (Respondents)

Case ID: UKSC 2016/0213

Case summary


Whether an implied term not to cheat in a gambling contract is only breached where there is dishonesty.


The appellant is a professional gambler. On 20 and 21 August he won £7.7m playing a version of Baccarat known as Punto Banco at a casino owned by the respondent, Crockfords Club in Curzon Street, Mayfair. Punto Banco is a game of chance. In order to win, the appellant employed a technique known as edge-sorting, which involves identifying small differences in the pattern on the reverse of playing cards and exploiting that information to increase the player's chances of winning. He did not personally touch any cards, but persuaded the croupier to rotate the most valuable cards by intimating that he was superstitious. The respondent refused to pay the appellant his winnings, maintaining that by engaging in edge-sorting he had cheated. The appellant brought a claim to recover his winnings.

Judgment appealed

[2016] EWCA Civ 1093



Phillip Ivey


Genting Casino (UK) Ltd t/a Crockfords



Lord Neuberger, Lady Hale, Lord Kerr, Lord Hughes, Lord Thomas

Hearing start date

13 Jul 2017

Hearing finish date

13 Jul 2017

Watch hearing
13 Jul 2017 Morning session Afternoon session