Case details

Lord Advocate (representing the Taiwanese Judicial Authorities and another) (Appellants) v Dean (Respondent) (Scotland)

Case ID: UKSC 2016/0212

Case summary


Whether the extradition of the respondent to Taiwan would be incompatible with Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights.


The respondent was convicted in Taiwan of causing the death of another road user while driving a motor car under the influence of alcohol and ordered to serve a sentence of four years’ imprisonment. He was granted bail pending an appeal and while his appeal was pending he absconded to Scotland. Taiwan requested his extradition. The respondent was arrested on a provisional request for extradition on 17 October 2013.

On the 1 August 2014, the Scottish Ministers ordered the extradition of the respondent to Taiwan to serve his sentence. The respondent appealed to the High Court of Justiciary under s.103 and s.108 of the Extradition Act 2003 arguing that his extradition would be in breach of his rights under the ECHR. Specifically, he argued that his art.3 right would be violated by the prison conditions in Taipei.

Following an evidential hearing, on 23 September 2016 the High Court of Justiciary allowed the appeal under s.103 and held that, notwithstanding undertakings given by Taiwan to the United Kingdom that the respondent would be detained in cellular conditions which were compatible with art.3 ECHR, extradition would not be compatible with art.3. It quashed the order for extradition and released the respondent on bail. The Lord Advocate, who represents Taiwan in these proceedings, now seeks permission to appeal to the Supreme Court.

Judgment appealed

[2016] HCJAC 83

[2016] HCJAC 117



Lord Advocate (representing the Taiwanese Judicial Authorities and the Scottish Ministers)


Zain Taj Dean



Lord Mance, Lord Sumption, Lord Reed, Lord Hughes, Lord Hodge

Hearing start date

06 Mar 2017

Hearing finish date

06 Mar 2017

Watch hearing
06 Mar 2017 Morning session Afternoon session