Case details

Robinson (Appellant) v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police (Respondent)

Case ID: UKSC 2016/0082

Case summary


The "Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police" immunity protects the police from claims when in the course of their core duties they negligently cause injury to passers-by. Does this apply in a case where the relevant police act was a positive act? Was the Court of Appeal correct to overturn the first instance findings of negligence?


The appellant was a passer-by during an arrest on the street. As the police caught the suspect, she was knocked to the ground. She claimed personal injury damages against the respondent, alleging police negligence. The Recorder at trial found that the officer who planned the arrest was under a duty to consider the risk to passing members of the public, and had acted negligently. However, there was an immunity of suit for police officers engaged in the apprehension of criminals (the Hill immunity). Therefore the claim was dismissed.

Judgment appealed

[2014] EWCA Civ 15



Elizabeth Robinson


Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police



Lady Hale, Lord Mance, Lord Reed, Lord Hughes, Lord Hodge

Hearing start date

12 Jul 2017

Hearing finish date

12 Jul 2017

Watch hearing
12 Jul 2017 Morning session Afternoon session